The body weight of rats fed with HD did not differ from that of controls. However, both absolute and relative VPWs of HD animals were significantly lower than those of controls. HD resulted in significant elevation in total serum cholesterol and LDL levels, whereas HDL and triglyceride levels were comparable. Plasma total testosterone and estriol levels did not differ between groups, but their free fraction, along with sex hormone-binding globulin levels, were significantly affected. HD also affected the microscopic structure of the ventral prostate. Epithelial cells of the distal area formed papillary projections within the acinar lumen and had more cytoplasm than controls. In most cases, vesicular formations within the cytoplasmic area were also noted.